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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Stadt- und Regionalsoziologie

Wintersemester 16/17

 

Hier finden Sie eine Übersicht über das Programm des Think&Drink Kolloquium im Sommersemester 2016. Das Kolloquium findet in der Vorlesungszeit immer Montags von 18 bis 20 Uhr in Raum 002 in der Universitätsstraße 3b statt.

 

Eine Gesamtübersicht über das Think & Drink Programm ist hier als pdf downloadbar.

 

Programm

 

Montag, 17.10.2016

Prof. Ernesto Lopez Morales, Universidad de Chile

Social stratification as an effect of property-led gentrification in Santiago, Chile

 

From the 1990s onwards, the high-rise, property-led gentrification of Santiago, Chile has excluded original low-income households from the city, who see now how the increased housing prices in their neighbourhoods create massive housing affordability problems (López-Morales, 2011; 2015; 2016). Meanwhile, a growing number of middle class households (also some lower-income immigrants who multi-occupy new residence) arrive to these central neighbourhoods, creating new cultural and social demands as they transform the traditional patterns of peripheral segregation experienced by this city.
This projects scrutinizes the effects generated by high-rise, property-led gentrification in four central neighbourhoods in Santiago, assessing both original and new residents' socio-economic attributes, motivation, expectations, attitudes and courses of action aimed at staying put in the areas, also observing gentrification-led displacement pressure and/or exclusionary displacement (Slater, 2009). A four-year pannel survey (2015-2018) is being currently conducted (geographically stratified  with probabilistic sample, and sampling error of 5% at general level); results show important effects on the economic, social and cultural capitals (Bourdieu, 1986) of the resident population in the four neighbourhoods. Results also reveal considerable changes in the perceived status of the new residents (proprietors / renters), cultural tastes, knowledge, political inclinations, metropolitan mobility patterns and activities correlated with a wide range of social variables (class, education, ethnicity, occupation, etc). As the analysis is considerably inspired by Savage (2010), Multiple Correspondence Analysis was also performed and some preliminary results will be shown in this presentation. The present study not only shows how important central areas of Santiago become gentrified, but also reveals unexpected outcomes in the social re-stratification of central Santiago.
 

 

Montag, 24.10.2016

Es findet kein Think and Drink Kolloquium statt

 

Montag, 31.10.2016

Prof. Ingrid Breckner, Hafen City Universität Hamburg

Wie die Zuwanderung von Flüchtlingen Stadt produziert - die Beispiele Hamburg und Lübeck


Der Votrag stellt die Forschungskonzepte von zwei seit August 2016 laufenden Drittmittelprojekten zur Diskussion. Sie sollen zeigen, wie das Ankommen von Geflüchteten in den beiden Städten gehandhabt wird und wie sich dadurch institutionelle Strukturen, Akteurslandschaften und politische Settings gesamtstädtisch und in unterschiedlichen Stadtquartieren verändern. Untersucht werden in Hamburg Biografien ankommender Flüchtlinge unter Berücksichtigung ihrer jeweiligen Zugänge zu Bildung, Arbeit und Wohnraum sowie in Lübeck die Praxis der Wohnungsversorgung Geflüchteter in der Kooperation der Stadt Lübeck, der kommunalen Wohnungsbaugesellschaft und eines Wohlfahrtsverbandes.
 

 

Montag, 07.11.2016

Dr. Kristin Reichborn-Kjennerud, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences

Interest groups and participation at the local level A comparison between the Tøyen district of Oslo and Lavapiés in Madrid

 

In gentrification processes, inhabitants and local businesses are displaced as the middle class move into formerly deprived central city areas. How such processes of change are handled by local authorities, is interesting in a democratic perspective. We therefore wish to study who influences decision making and implementation in urban redevelopment processes and how.
We ask; how do interest groups work to influence local government in urban development processes and how do they succeed?
We compare two central districts in the capitals of cities in the north and the south of Europe, Tøyen in Oslo and Lavapies in Madrid. Oslo is one of the fastest growing cities in Europe whereas Madrid’s population has stagnated or decreased with the financial crisis. The districts that we compare seems to differ in that Tøyen in Oslo to some extent invites gentrification processes. Lavapies in Madrid, on the contrary, fight gentrification fiercely and potently obstruct the municipalities’ plans to accommodate for tourism in this central district of Madrid.
Comparing these countries and cities give important insights into how interest groups/different stakeholders work to preserve their interests, how local governments take this into account in a more or less legitimate way and how effective different strategies are in influencing public decision making in different contexts and cultures. Both stakeholders and local administrations can draw important lessons from this research to improve their processes and way of working.
 

 

Montag, 14.11.2016

Movie Night mit dem Regisseur Andreas Wilcke

Die Stadt als Beute

 

Von London bis New York gilt Berlin plötzlich als “the place to be“. Das weckt Begehrlichkeiten.
Jeder will hier wohnen und viele wollen sich hier eine Wohnung kaufen, die – verglichen mit „zu Hause“ – spottbillig ist. Ehemaliger staatlicher Wohnungsbestand wird privatisiert und Mietwohnungen werden zu Eigentum. Welten prallen aufeinander und Paralleluniversen tun sich auf.

Andreas Wilcke hat diesen Vorgang vier Jahre lang durchleuchtet. Mit seiner Kamera ist er überall in der Stadt unterwegs; befragt die verschiedenen Akteure, begleitet Makler, Investoren und Kaufinteressenten bei der Schnäppchenjagd und Mieter beim Gang durch die Institutionen. Der Zuschauer ist quasi live dabei, wenn im Zeitraffertempo eine ganze Stadt umgekrempelt wird.

 

Montag, 21.11.2016

Dr. Danielle Chevalier, Universiteit van Amsterdam

Emotional Ownership of Public Space

 

The concept of ownership connotes to having the right to call the tune on that what is owned. Ownership is comprehensive, but not unbounded and it can entail duties with regard to what is owned. Furthermore it can be shared, transferred and lost.  Ownership of space is traditionally defined on the basis of legal deeds or economic interest. However, with regard to public space rights and duties are at times envisaged by social entities that do not hold legal or economic ownership over that space. Such social entities, though lacking a conventional title deed, nevertheless stake a claim on ‘their’ space and on occasion attempt to secure their claim through legal tactics. In my talk I will introduce and expand on my exploration of a concept I have tentatively denominated ‘emotional ownership’. Emotional ownership is coined to investigate situations in which rights over public space are invoked on a non-legal basis, and subsequently played out by engaging with legal strategies.
Empirical cases illustrating the exploration are two public squares in The Netherlands that both constitute shared spaces of everyday life for very different social groups. Contestations of what is appropriate in the shared space can be reconfigured into contestations over who has the right to determine the space. The contestation is played out in the legal realm, concretely by seeking to have behavioral norms codified in local byelaws. Theoretically the exploration builds on Lefebvre’s conceptual triad on the production of space, and Habermas’ shifting perspective on the role of juridification in late modern society.
 

Montag, 28.11.2016

Dr. Anika Duveneck, Freie Universität Berlin

Urban Education between social equality and social upgrading

The lecture will be held in English. An English Abstract is following soon.

Zwischen sozialem Anspruch und sozialer Aufwertung: Kommunale Bildungsansätze


Education is often thought to be among the number one keys to reducing social disadvantage. In recent years, there have been discussions as to the particular effectiveness of education programs at the local and urban level in that regard: a small-scale approach to organizing education allows for systematic cooperation between the relevant institutions and actors, which is supposed to particularly benefit young people with strong need for support. Cities and municipalities in turn are willing to take on greater responsibility as they are hit by failed education programs as much as they profit from successful ones. However, with municipalities competing amongst each other, to what extent can they answer the claim of equality? The presentation will address the question of the contradictory relation between social approaches to education and entrepreneurial urban politics drawing on the example of “Campus Rütli” in Berlin Neukölln.

 

Montag, 05.12.2016

Movie Night with Prof. Simon Parker, University of York

Precarious Trajectories: Voices from the Mediterranean

 

Written and Directed by Simon Parker

 

Filmed on location in Italy, Greece and Libya in 2015-2016 at the height of the so-called Mediterranean Migration Crisis, this documentary features the voices of those who successfully made the perilous journey across the Aegean and Mediterranean, and investigates why so many hundreds have lost their lives at sea. The film also explores the political context of Europe's attempts to manage and hold back the exodus from North Africa and the Middle East and how communities on the front line of the migration emergency have responded with humanity and compassion.

 

Montag, 12.12.2016

Prof. Justus Uitermark, Universiteit van Amsterdam

Reassembling the city through Instagram


People constantly use the city as a background for making their media images and recreate the city in the process. What the city is and what it means is redefined through countless distributed acts of media production and consumption.  Although the media now extends into the minutiae of everyday life, neither urban theory nor media theory have come very far in thinking through the mutual constitution of media and urban spaces. This presentation will develop tentative propositions on the mediatized city and present some preliminary findings from research on Instagram I’m now conducting with John D. Boy.


How does your relationship to the city and other people change when you upload pictures on Instagram? How do politicians change their policies as they increasingly anticipate and respond to media representations? How is the everyday segregation of different classes reflected or refracted through Twitter hashtags like #noordgestoord or #ilovenoord? How does the use of social media engender or disrupt dominant imageries of the city and society?
 

 

Weihnachtsferien

Vom 19. Dezember 2016 bis 02. Januar 2017 findet kein Think and Drink Kolloquium statt

 

 

Montag, 09.01.2017

Dr. Hanna Hilbrandt, Leibniz-Institut für Raumbezogene Sozialforschung, Erkner

Negotiating Order. Everyday Rule in Berlin's Allotment Gardens

 

This talk inquires into the powers at play in the everyday practices of making the city, and the social and spatial relations through which those who inhabit its margins put these powers to work. This exploration is based on a case study that considers informal dwelling practices and their regulation in allotment gardens in Berlin.

 

Although a federal law prohibits the inhabiting of these sites, gardeners take up residence within allotment compounds, particularly over the summer. To trace the mechanisms through which they work to stay put in these sites, my talk relates a debate on the transformative potential of the everyday to anthropological literature on the workings of the state, embedding this discussion in relational approaches to power and place.

 

Joining these perspectives allows me to think more precisely about the ways in which people co-construct the order that takes shape. This discussion not only points to the boundaries of in- and exclusion built up along the way, it also aims to bridge presumed divides between the functioning of states in the global North and South.

 

Montag, 16.01.2017

Prof. em. Margit Mayer. Prof. Håkan Thörn und Dr- Catharina Thörn, Freie Universität Berlin und University of Gothenburg

Book Launch: Urban Uprisings. Challenging Neoliberal Urbanism in Europe commented by Dr. Henrik Lebuhn

 

This book analyses the waves of protests, from spontaneous uprisings to well-organized forms of collective action, which have shaken European cities over the last decade. It shows how analysing these protests in connection with the structural context of neoliberal urbanism and its crises is more productive than standard explanations. Processes of neoliberalisation have caused deeply segregated urban landscapes defined by deepening social inequality, rising unemployment, racism, securitization of urban spaces and welfare state withdrawal, particularly from poor peripheral areas, where tensions between marginalized youth and police often manifest in public spaces. Challenging a conventional distinction made in research on protest, the book integrates a structural analysis of processes of large scale urban transformation with analyses of the relationship between 'riots' and social movement action in nine countries: France, Greece, England, Germany, Spain, Poland, Denmark, Sweden and Turkey.    

After an introductory presentation Henrik Lebuhn will be commenting on the book.

 

Montag, 23.01.2017

Prof. Marisol García Cabeza, Universitat de Barcelona

Social innovation in Spanish cities in a time of crisis


Spanish cities have experienced the consequences of the 2008 financial and economic crisis in several ways. Not only the bursting of the housing bubble has left thousands of individuals and families without a home, but also large numbers of citizens and immigrants have lost their jobs. Local and national austerity budgets have curtailed the capacity of social services to reach all of those who are in need. Unmet needs by public and private institutions have stimulated civil society actors, (in)formally organized citizens to come up with innovative practices to help those in need. More nuanced analysis shows that whereas some of these practices are new others represent a continuity with similar innovations that sprang up as a result of previous economic and political crises.


I would like to share the outcomes of the INNOSOGO project (Social innovation and governance: emergent practices in cities in transformation) with you. This Project analyses innovative strategies in four large Spanish cities (Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao y Zaragoza). It aims to show to what extent establishing “bottom-linked” governance between citizens’ innovative strategies and local institutions is a requisite for such strategies to be effective and to what extent they are transformative or not. By transformative I mean changing social relationships and influencing the political agenda of local politics.
 

 

Montag, 30.01.2017

Es findet kein Think and Drink Kolloquium statt.

 

Montag, 06.02.2017

Dr. Ayo Mansaray, University of East London

Schooling and belonging in the gentrified city

 

There is intense sociological interest at the moment in the ways in which individuals and groups form social ties and construct their identities in the urban context. In particular, how forms of difference and diversity – in terms of lifestyle, ‘race’, ethnicity and class are negotiated across intersecting urban spaces and fields. This is often a key locus of debate within the gentrification literature. However, much of this analysis tends to focus on interactions within the fields of consumption/lifestyle and housing. In contrast, in this talk, I examine the ways in which individuals and social class groups form identities and interact through the context of urban schooling – primarily as ‘parents’. Increasingly within neo-liberal regimes such as England, education is an arena of class contestation. This talk will highlight the role of middle-class parents as ‘producers’ of urban space through their educational engagements and commitments, and its exclusionary consequences for others. Moreover the importance of schools, as socialising institutions for the development of urban bonds and commitments is overlooked. Theoretically, the analysis is framed by the work of Bourdieu, Goffman and Randall Collins, and draws material from a forthcoming book provisionally entitled Gentrification and Schooling: An Ethnographic Study of Educational Work and Identities.   
 

 

Montag, 13.02.2017

Dr. Emma  Jackson , University of London

The Choreography of Everyday Multiculture: Bowling Together?

 

This talk explores how the social dynamics of a heterogenous and fast-evolving area of London are played out in one of its leisure spaces, a local bowling alley. Sitting in the middle of an area earmarked for development, this leisure space has become symbolic in arguments about the future of the neighbourhood and what is worth preserving.

Bowling has been used as both a bellwether and a metaphor for society. Most famously, a decline in participation in bowling leagues is used by Putnam (2000) to suggest a decline in American community. However, I challenge this thesis and reorient the discussion of belonging and community towards a focus on practices of belonging and mundane practices of conviviality. I argue that the contemporary bowling alley can offer important insights into modes of sharing urban space and forms of participation that depart from accounts of community based on formal bridging activities that Putnam idealises.

Recognising these modes of community becomes socially and politically important in a context where the social worlds of accessible leisure spaces are disappearing in a gentrifying city.